Transhumanismus/Posthumanismus

11. Mai 2017

DARPA Is Planning to Hack the Human Brain to Let Us “Upload” Skills

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 06:18

In March 2016, DARPA — the U.S. military’s “mad science” branch — announced their Targeted Neuroplasticity Training (TNT) program. The TNT program aims to explore various safe neurostimulation methods for activating synaptic plasticity, which is the brain’s ability to alter the connecting points between neurons — a requirement for learning. DARPA hopes that building up that ability by subjecting the nervous system to a kind of workout regimen will enable the brain to learn more quickly.

 

 

weiterlesen:

https://futurism.com/darpa-is-planning-to-hack-the-human-brain-to-let-us-upload-skills/

Genetically engineering ‚ethical‘ babies is a moral obligation, says Oxford professor

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 06:16

Professor Julian Savulescu said that creating so-called designer babies could be considered a „moral obligation“ as it makes them grow up into „ethically better children“.The expert in practical ethics said that we should actively give parents the choice to screen out personality flaws in their children as it meant they were then less likely to „harm themselves and others“.

The academic, who is also editor-in-chief of the Journal of Medical Ethics, made his comments in an article in the latest edition of Reader’s Digest. He explained that we are now in the middle of a genetic revolution and that although screening, for all but a few conditions, remained illegal it should be welcomed.

 

 

weiterlesen:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/9480372/Genetically-engineering-ethical-babies-is-a-moral-obligation-says-Oxford-professor.html

25. März 2017

Transhumanism Is the Next Step in Human Evolution

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 16:43

One of the strongest voices for this movement is Amal Graafstra, CEO and founder of Dangerous Things as well as a firm believer that biohacking is the next step in human evolution. As he pointed out many times, this is a process that has already begun. Whether it be through pacemakers or breast implants, we already fix any part of us that we need to or enhance anything we deem to be sub-par. We also walk around with computers basically attached to us everywhere we go that are connected to the internet and all of humanity at all times. It is natural that we will continue to push this trend forward by further augmenting our bodies and merging ourselves with the tools we create. And he doesn’t just talk the talk, he has transponders implanted into his hands that allow him to open doors, start vehicles and log into his computer with the wave of his hand. His company sells such implantable devices and he has pioneered many of the techniques used in the biohacking industry.

 

 

weiterlesen:

https://futurism.com/transhumanism-is-the-next-step-in-human-evolution/

Laborfleisch: Es gibt Hühnchen!

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 16:40

Nach künstlichem Rinderhack kommt Hühnchen: Ein Start-up vermeldet den nächsten Durchbruch bei der Laborfleischzucht. Vor allem am Preis muss aber noch geschraubt werden.

Testesser zeigen sich begeistert: „Sie haben Textur und Mundgefühl wirklich genau hingekriegt“, schwärmt Emily Byrd vom gemeinnützigen Good Food Institute gegenüber dem Technologiemagazin „Gizmodo“. Die Laborfleisch-Lobbyistin war eine der Ersten, die das künstlich erzeugte Hühnchen der Firma Memphis Meats probieren durfte. Das Start-up aus San Francisco servierte auf einer Veranstaltung am Dienstag den geladenen Gästen zwei Klassiker: frittiertes Hühnchen und Ente in Orangensoße.

 

 

weiterlesen:

http://www.spektrum.de/news/es-gibt-huehnchen/1441698

It’s Happening: Scientists Can Now Reverse DNA Ageing in Mice

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 16:37

Researchers have identified a cellular mechanism that allows them to reverse ageing in mouse DNA and protect it from future damage. They’ve shown that by giving a particular compound to older mice, they can activate the DNA repair process and not only protect against future damage, but repair the existing effects of ageing. And they’re ready to start testing in humans within six months.

„The cells of the old mice were indistinguishable from the young mice, after just one week of treatment,“ said lead researcher David Sinclair from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Australia and the Harvard Medical School in Boston. „This is the closest we are to a safe and effective anti-ageing drug that’s perhaps only three to five years away from being on the market if the trials go well.“

Sinclair and his team made headlines back in 2013 when they found that the cells of younger mice contained more of a compound called nicotinaminde adenine dinucleotide, or NAD+, than their older counterparts. Not only that, but when they gave the older mice more NAD+, they started to look younger, too. It was a big deal at the time, but one of the tricky things about medicine is that in order to show that something could work as a potential treatment, you need to first understand how it’s acting in the body. And although the researchers knew NAD+ was having an impressive effect, they couldn’t say for sure how it was doing it.

 

weiterlesen:

http://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-successfully-reversed-dna-ageing-in-mice

19. November 2016

In a historic moment for AI, computers gain ability to generalize learning between activities

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 08:44

With the many meteoric victories artificial intelligence has scored in the recent past, it’s easy to forget the story line has basically been one of evolution rather than revolution. The deep neural networks upon which the likes of Apple’s Siri and Google Now are built have been in existence since at least the late 1950s, when the Frank Rosenblatt pioneered a multi-layer neural network called the perceptron and suggested additional layers with mathematical notations.

Much of the advances made in the field since then can be traced to better data sets for training neural nets and more sophisticated applications of the underlying technology. However, one pièce de résistance has always remained: No matter how good at prediction a neural network became, it lacked the ability to generalize that ability to learning new tasks. Now, for the first time, a neural network has achieved it. The ramifications could be truly seismic.

Many experts have seen the ability to generalize learning as one of the defining differences between how a neural network attacks a learning problem versus how a human does. Humans possess the ability to apply models they have learned from one task to a second, previously untried endeavor. For instance, the first time you learned to whisk eggs, you could subsequently apply that knowledge to whisking cream, or any other whisking-based endeavor. Not so for a deep neural network, which needs to be trained anew for each activity.

A computer that could generalize between learned activities would fundamentally alter the intelligence landscape, conceivably igniting the kind of “hard takeoff” scenario espoused by Nick Bostrom in his seminal book Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. In a hard takeoff scenario, a self-improving AI recursively augments its learning ability to the point where humans no longer really pose any competition. An AI that can generalize between learned activities could use its vast storehouse of learned models to attack any new activity with a level of sophistication only dreamed of by humans.

 

 

 

weiterlesen:

In a historic moment for AI, computers gain ability to generalize learning between activities

 

CRISPR-Genmanipulation erstmals an Menschen eingesetzt

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 08:37

A team of scientists in China has become the first to treat a human patient with the groundbreaking CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technique. While the results of the trial are uncertain, it’s a historic milestone that should serve as a serious wakeup call to the rest of the world.

A research team led by oncologist Lu You at Sichuan University delivered modified immune cells into a patient suffering from an aggressive form of lung cancer. The scientists used CRISPR-Cas9 to make the cells more resilient in the presence of cancer, marking the first time that the powerful gene-editing tool was used to treat a human.

The study was limited to one patient in order to test the safety of CRISPR. Given the encouraging results, another 10 patients will be treated as part of an ongoing clinical trial being conducted at the West China Hospital in Chengdu.

 

 

 

weiterlesen:

http://gizmodo.com/the-crispr-gene-editing-tool-is-finally-being-used-on-h-1789042055?utm_medium=sharefromsite&utm_source=Gizmodo_facebook

 

 

24. Oktober 2016

More Storage Than Your Laptop: Say ‘Hello’ to the 1 Terabyte Memory Card

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 15:51
SanDisk just unveiled their newest prototype of a massive 1 terabyte SD card. The greater capacity will benefit those using more memory demanding formats like VR, 360-degree video, and seemingly ever increasing resolutions.

It’s hard to imagine that it was only a little over two years ago that people were super excited over a 512 gigabyte SD card; especially when today’s technological advancements has just made it possible to pack a massive 1 terabyte of memory in those tiny things.

SanDisk’s SDXC is the latest answer to the world’s ever increasing demand for memory hungry apps and formats, especially with the addition of VR, 360-degree video and higher resolution images and videos.

 

 

 

weiterlesen:

More Storage Than Your Laptop: Say ‘Hello’ to the 1 Terabyte Memory Card

The World’s First 1000-Core Processor Was Just Created

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 15:49

Processor technology has certainly come far, with a host of different materials and techniques being implemented to increase speed and power.  And now, we have a new kind of development. A team of scientists at UC Davis made the world’s first 1000-core processor.

The team has unveiled the KiloCore, a CPU that has 1000 cores and all the speed that come with that kind of power. The chip has a maximum computation rate of 1.78 trillion instructions per second and contains 621 million transistors.

 

 

 

weiterlesen:

The World’s First 1000-Core Processor Was Just Created

First phase 1 human aging reversal trials (GDF, Myostatin) in a year or two and George Church discusses how to affordably rejuvenate the whole body

Filed under: Presse — Schlagwörter: — berndvo @ 15:45

The new goal is to reverse aging, not only in animals, but in humans. And age reversal is essential, as significant age-related disruption has already occurred in most people due to changes in our gene expression profiles.

Gene expression patterns change with age. This influences the rate at which an individual ages, and also determines what senile disorders they are likely to contract. But innovative gene-editing methods based on a unique technology called CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) are now being successfully harnessed for use as an age-reversal therapy for humans.

In response to these breakthroughs, Life Extension® magazine sent biogerontologist Dr. Gregory M. Fahy to Harvard University to interview Dr. George Church, who is a leading developer of cutting-edge CRISPR techniques. Here, Dr. Church explains remarkable opportunities for transforming human aging that may begin to unfold sooner than most have imagined.

The first phase I aging reversal human trials could be in a year or two
Fahy: Using your most favorable pathway for intervention, how long will it take before a human trial might be possible?

Church: I think it can happen very quickly. It may take years to get full approval, but it could take as little as a year to get approval for phase one trials. Trials of GDF11, myostatin, and others are already underway in animals, as are a large number of CRISPR trials. I think we’ll be seeing the first human trials in a year or two.

 

 

weiterlesen:

http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/06/first-phase-1-human-aging-reversal.html?utm_content=buffereef63&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

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